Travelers’ diarrhea is the most common travel-related illness. It can occur anywhere, but the highest-risk destinations are in Africa. In otherwise healthy adults, diarrhea is rarely serious or life-threatening, but it can make a trip very unpleasant.
You Can Take Steps to Prevent Traveler’s Diarrhea:
- Avoid ice made with tap water.Wash your hands regularly especially when you Eat.
- Eat food which is freshly cooked and piping hot, avoid foods that have been left warm or exposed to flies such as buffets.
- Drink treated or bottled water, ensure seals are intact. Carbonated water bottles are more difficult to temper with.
- Avoid ice in drinks and clean teeth with safe water.
- Be sure that all foods you eat are thoroughly cooked and served steaming hot.
- Obtain hepatitis A and typhoid vaccinations prior to travel, if indicated for that region.
- Ensure meat and shellfish are well cooked.
Ways to Treat Traveler’s Diarrhea
Traveler’s diarrhea may get better without any treatment. But, while you’re waiting it’s important to try to stay hydrated with safe liquids, such as bottled water. If you don’t seem to be improving quickly, several medications are available to help relieve symptoms. Here are some action you need to take
Take Over the counter drugs
Several drugs, such as loperamide, can be bought over-the-counter to treat the symptoms of diarrhea. These drugs decrease the frequency and urgency of needing to use the bathroom, and may make it easier for you to ride on a bus or airplane while waiting for an antibiotic to take effect.
Drink Lots of Fluids
If you get diarrhea, drink lots of fluids to stay hydrated. In serious cases of travelers’ diarrhea, oral re-hydration solution—available online or in pharmacies in developing countries—can be used for fluid replacements.
Listen Advise from your Doctor
Your doctor may give you antibiotics to treat traveler’s diarrhea, but consider using them only for severe cases. If you take antibiotics, take them exactly as your doctor instructs. If severe diarrhea develops soon after you return from your trip, see a doctor and ask for stool tests so you can find out which antibiotic will work for you.